The epidemic of influenza was first described in 1580, and since then this infectious disease has been going on the planet in seven-mile steps. The most vulnerable population group is children. Every year there are more and more new names of virus carriers, which take away hundreds of thousands of lives. Influenza vaccination for children is always a controversial issue. Parents are concerned: whether the vaccination will help to protect their child from the virus agent, or, conversely, will harm their beloved child. In this article we will try to give a full description of this disease and, if possible, to decide whether to vaccinate the child against flu?
What do I need a flu shot for?
Because a child’s immune system is not fully developed and children are not protected from multiple infections, as well as influenza, vaccination will be an effective way to strengthen the immune system. The danger of influenza virus lies precisely in its complications. The response to influenza vaccination in children may vary. The day after the vaccination, depending on all physiological factors, including hereditary, the following changes can be observed: a child may have a fever; rejection may result in headaches, nausea and vomiting; baby’s reaction to the vaccination may cause crying and/or general malaise, lethargy, rapid fatigue, etc.
All this is a natural reaction, and in a day your child will be mobile and cheerful again. In short, tolerability is a purely individual quality of the body. Depending on the readiness of your child for physical activity, according to age, the reaction may vary.
What is the danger of influenza?
However, not all parents are aware of the insidiousness of this viral disease. In epidemiological season, the flu virus increases mortality among the population by many times. The most frequent causes of death from complications are pathological disorders of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, which are rapidly developing as a result of the viral affection. Severe flu can cause various inflammatory processes in children: inflammation of the lungs; bronchitis; encephalitis; cramps; meningitis, and so on.
When to get a vaccination: doctors’ recommendations
According to the World Health Organization, the safest flu vaccination is a child’s six months of age. Until this age it is recommended to vaccinate all adults in contact with the baby, so that they do not become a source of infection.
It becomes obvious that the smaller the child, the greater the risk of complications in case of infection with influenza. However, this postulate should not relax parents, because the risks remain up to 5-6 years. This is why the entire global health community is concerned about this factor. It is recommended to vaccinate a child annually. In addition, if a child has various pathological abnormalities, such as: bronchial asthma; cardiac pathology; diabetes mellitus; functional disorders of the kidneys, lungs and other vital organs, then vaccination is essential and vital.
What do I need to know about influenza after vaccination?
Side effects after an injection are very rare, however, you should know about them and, if they occur, be prepared to reflect them. Influenza-like symptoms can take the form of weakness, headache and/or muscle pain, an increase in body temperature. You need to know that the flu is spreading from person to person. Airborne droplet type is the most common case of infection transmission. Sneezing, coughing – all this is the transmission of influenza. Therefore, during the period of infection, a sick person, including a child, should be protected from all contact with their peers.