Influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVIs) are in the first place by the number of people getting sick. Despite the constant fight against influenza, humanity has not yet succeeded in defeating it. Every year thousands of people die from influenza complications. This is due to the fact that the virus is constantly changing its structure and the new virus is able to infect a person again. A flu-affected person has a good immune barrier, but nevertheless, a modified virus is able to penetrate this barrier easily because the immunity against this type of virus has not yet been developed by the body.
For whom is it very dangerous to encounter the influenza virus?
Children and elderly people are particularly hard to tolerate influenza, for these age groups are very dangerous complications that can develop during the disease. Children get the flu hard because their immune system has not yet met this virus, and for the elderly people as well as people with chronic diseases, the virus is dangerous because of a weakened immune system.
So, risk groups: children; people over 60 years old; people with chronic lung diseases (bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc.); people with chronic diseases of cardiovascular system (congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease, heart failure); people with chronic liver diseases (cirrhosis); people with chronic kidney diseases; people with immunodeficiency conditions; pregnant women; medical personnel;
employees of public transport, catering enterprises and others.
How does influenza get infected?
Influenza is a very contagious disease. This infection is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person with invisible droplets of saliva or mucus that are excreted during sneezing, coughing and even during conversation. In addition, the flu virus is transmitted through dirty hands.
Symptoms of influenza: high fever; chills, general malaise, headache, muscle pain (legs, lower back), weakness, loss of strength; poor appetite (nausea, vomiting).
Signs of intoxication last about five days. If the temperature lasts longer, there may be complications.
Complications of influenza: pneumonia (40% probability of death); encephalitis, meningitis; Influenza in a pregnant woman can cause complications of pregnancy, pathology of the fetus;
exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Treatment of the disease is carried out under the control of a doctor, who only after examining the patient prescribes a treatment scheme and gives other recommendations. Influenza patient should follow the bed rest, include in the diet of fruits, vegetables, rich in vitamin C, morses, sauerkraut, abundant drinking is recommended.
According to WHO, the most effective method of prevention is vaccination. The composition of the influenza vaccine is changed annually on the WHO recommendation. First of all, vaccination is recommended for those who are at risk. Recommended time for vaccination is October-November.
Why do I need an influenza vaccine?
Because: Influenza is very contagious; it spreads quickly;
causes serious complications; is much heavier than other ODSs.
Children can be vaccinated against influenza from the age of six months. Vaccination should be done annually to ensure reliable protection against influenza.
How to protect children under six months of age from influenza?
First, all persons in contact with influenza should be vaccinated before an influenza epidemic begins. Second, adults should follow the basic prevention measures outlined below. During the epidemic, it is forbidden to visit crowded places with infants, and it is not recommended to gather guests at home.
Is it possible to use flu vaccine against influenza in pregnant women?
Influenza vaccine should be used in pregnant women because they are at risk for severe disease. Research in recent years has proven the safety of influenza vaccine in pregnant women.